U.S. Response to the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
HIV/AIDS has had a devastating impact on countries, communities, and families around the world. Through a variety of Federal programs, the United States provides much-needed assistance and education to the countries most heavily affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
In 2003, the U.S. launched PEPFAR to prevent HIV transmission and treat those affected by HIV/AIDS in areas of the globe most devastated by the epidemic. The initial legislation approved up to $15 billion over 5 years, to be spent in the 15 countries with the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence. PEPFAR is administered by the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator.
In 2008, PEPFAR was reauthorized for an additional five years (2009-2013). The reauthorization allocated up to $48 billion and added another five countries. The 20 current focus countries include: Botswana, Cambodia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Russia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
U.S. Agency for International Development - HIV/AIDS
USAID, an independent Federal government agency that works under the guidance of the Department of State, supports long-term economic growth and is a key partner in PEPFAR.
CDC - Global HIV/AIDS Programs
Working through PEPFAR, physicians, epidemiologists, public health advisors, behavioral scientists, and laboratory scientists affiliated with the CDC collaborate with Ministries of Health and other partners to combat HIV/AIDS in more than 70 countries in Africa, Asia, Central and South America, and the Caribbean.
Health Resources and Services Administration - Coordinated International Collaborations
HRSA’s global HIV/AIDS efforts focus on clinical system-strengthening and developing human resources for health.
HHS - World AIDS Day
Observed each year on December 1st, World AIDS Day provides governments, national AIDS programs, faith organizations, community organizations, and individuals with an opportunity to raise awareness and focus attention on the global AIDS epidemic.